Tomato Time!

Tomato Time!

5/24 – Saturday 10am and noon

What’s better than a freshly picked tomato from your own garden?  In this workshop, we’ll help you choose the tomatoes that are best for you, show you how to plant them and what you need to know to help them thrive.  Download our Tomato Selection Guide here.

Tomato Selection Guide 

Determinate vs. Indeterminate Tomato Plants

Determinate varieties of tomatoes, also called “bush” tomatoes, are varieties that are bred to grow to a compact height (approx. 4 feet).  They stop growing when fruit sets on the terminal or top bud, ripen all their crop at or near the same time (usually over a 2 week period) and then die.  They may require a limited amount of caging and/or staking for support, should NOT be pruned or “suckered” as it severely reduces the crop and will perform relatively well in a container (minimum size of 5-6 gallon). Examples are: Rutgers, Roma, Celebrity (called a semi-determinate by some) and Marglobe.

Indeterminate varieties of tomatoes are also called “vining” tomatoes. They will grow and produce fruit until killed by frost and can reach heights of up to 10 feet although 6 feet is considered the norm. They will bloom, set new fruit and ripen fruit all at the same time throughout the growing season.  They require substantial caging and/or staking for support and pruning and the removal of suckers is practiced by many but is not mandatory. The need for it and advisability of doing it varies from region to region. Experiment and see which works best for you. Because of the need for substantial support and the size of the plants, indeterminate varieties are not usually recommended as container plants. Examples are: Big Boy, Beef Master, most “cherry” types, Early Girl, most heirloom varieties, etc.

Varieties

STANDARD TOMATOES

Beef Master (80 Days): Standard extremely large 20 oz., Italian beefsteak with outstanding taste.

Better Boy (75 Days): Large fruited hybrid, average 16 oz. Not much wilt tolerance.

Celebrity Bush (67 Days) Shorter version of ‘Celebrity’, determinate plants, easy to stake, 8-9oz, solid red fruits with a flavorful blend of sugar and acid. Resistant to Verticillium Wilt, Fusarium Wilt (Races 1 and 2) and nematodes.

Early Girl (54 Days): Oblate shaped fruit, deep red exterior and interior color. Excellent flavor for an early variety.

Jet Star (70 Days): Large, clean fruit, relatively blemish-free. Globe-shaped, low-acid, pleasant fruit with bright and attractive color inside and out. Sturdy, indeterminate vines grow vigorously, producing heavily on stakes or on the ground.

Parks Whopper (65 Days) Big, juicy, meaty sandwich-sized tomatoes appear early on indeterminate vines that continue until frost. Disease and crack resistant.

Supersonic (75 Days): Produces heavy yields of large, meaty tomatoes of excellent quality. Fruit are deep oblate in shape, smooth and crack free. Indeterminate – use ground or stake culture.

Patio Hybrid (60 Days): For bedding plant growers and perfect for containers. Dark green, bushy, potato leaf foliage average 24 in. height. Produces large 4 oz. red fruit.

GRAPE (CLUSTER) TOMATOES

Juliet Grape (60 Days) Hybrid ‘Juliet’ was a 1999 All-America Selections winner and is resistant to both Alternaria (Early) Blight and Late Blight. Indeterminate. Fruits ripen early. 1 – 2 oz fruit.

Sugary Grape (80 Days) Super-sweet, juicy, 2 oz. fruits, with appealing, reddish-pink skins and light green shoulders. Huge yields of oval-shaped, slightly pointed fruits set continuously in full sun.

PLUM  & PEAR TOMATOES

Roma (75 – 80 days) Large harvest, thick-walled, meaty, bright red, egg-shaped tomatoes about 3 oz, 3 inches long and with few seeds. This tomato is not juicy or for slicing. Cooks down into a thick sauce.

San Marzano Plum (80 Days): Great taste and a great keeper both on and off the vine.  Very popular for sauces.

Yellow Pear (78 Days): Vigorous vines produce high yields of 2″, yellow-skinned, pear-shaped fruits with few seeds. Prolific yield and dependable performance.  Large golden-orange fruits average 1-2 lbs. Very few seeds and delicious flavor.

CHERRY TOMATOES

Black (65 days) Round and juicy cherry tomatoes with a sweet but complex taste, borne on strong indeterminate plants.

Sweet One Million (65-75 Days)  The indeterminate 3 foot tall plants produce 1-1 1/2 inch fruit in grape-like clusters.

Sweet 100 (65 Days): Must be staked. Popular high sugar, small 1 in. red cherry fruit.

Sun Gold (57 days): Bite sized golden orange high yielding fruit. Exceptional sweet, fresh-from-the-vine flavor. Produces large yields over an extended period of time.

Washington (60 Days) High-yielding, compact plants. Globe-shaped, about 1oz. Fruits have a deep red color; thick-walled, meaty, and flavorful, with good keeping quality on or off the vine. Widely adapted.

White (74 Days) Sweet, fruity flavor with a real tomatoey aftertaste. The fruit ripens to a very pale yellow and develops a slightly orange cast at maturity. Large indeterminate plants

HEIRLOOM TOMATOES

Brandywine (90-100 Days): Originated in the 1800′s and known for the high standard of good flavor. Huge flat globe 10-16 oz. pinkish red fruit (some stripes) .  Available in yellow and red.

Green Zebra (75 Days): Beautiful chartreuse with deep lime-green stripes, very attractive. Flesh is bright green and very rich tasting. Approximately 3oz.

Rose  (75 – 80 Days) Large, crack resistant, 10 oz. fruits are meaty and dusty rose colored. Flavor is excellent and is considered by some to rival Brandywine. Plants are vigorous and strong with good leaf cover.

 

 

By | 2017-04-06T01:01:06+00:00 May 21st, 2014|Events, Uncategorized|0 Comments

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